**Research- Meaning, Scope, Significance and Characteristics****Introduction****Definition****Characteristics****Criteria of good research.**

**Types of Research**

**Research Process-Problem Formulation, Statement of Research Objectives, Review of Literature, Hypothesis****Research Process****Define research problem and objectives.****Review of literature****Formulation of hypothesis****Research design****Variables /Attributes****Types of variables****Hypothesis**- Meaning
- Sources
- Types.

**Research Design-Types and Features**

**Introduction to Statistics-Hypothesis Testing****Test of significance**- Introduction-Hypothesis testing.
- Assumption about parametric and non-parametric tests.
- Hypothesis-null and alternate hypothesis.
- Hypothesis testing process.
- Type 1 and type 2 errors
- Level of significance and rejection region.

**Measurement and Scaling- Meaning, Types and Techniques****Measurement scales****Measurement and scaling****Types of scales****Scaling techniques.**- Classification.

**Survey and Sampling Methods- Sample Size****Survey and sampling**- Population and universe.
- Sampling
- Sample
- Types of sampling
- Steps in sampling

**Probability: Random Experiment, Sample Space and Events, Addition and Multiplication theorems****Probability**- Definitions –random experiment, sample space events etc.
- Statement of Addition theorem and multiplication theorems
- Problems based on the above theorems
- Conditional probability

**Random Variable and Probability Distribution: Binomial, Poisson, Normal****Random Variable & Probability Distributions**- Discrete and continuous random variable
- Probability Distributions continuous and discrete
- Binomial distribution
- Poisson distribution
- Normal Distribution
- Uniform Distribution
- Problems based on the above

**Test of Significance****Test of Significance**- Introduction –Hypothesis testing
- Assumptions about parametric and non-parametric tests
- Hypothesis –Null and Alternate Hypothesis
- Hypothesis testing process
- Type 1 and Type 2 Errors
- Level of significance and rejection region

**Parametric Tests****Parametric Test****Hypothesis test for the mean**- Z test
- t Test

**ANOVA**

**Non Parametric Tests****Non Parametric Test**- Mann-Whitney U test
- Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z test
- Chi square test

**Regression Analysis****Regression –Introduction and definition**- Types of regression
- Line of best fit
- Regression equations
- Properties of regression lines and regression coefficients
- Standard error of estimate
- Simple linear regression
- Problems based on linear regression

**Theory of Correlation: Meaning of Correlation, Simple Correlation, Co-efficient, Rank Correlation.****Correlation**- Introduction
- Types
- Coefficient of correlation
- Measurement of correlation
- Scatter Diagram
- Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation
- Rank correlation
- Coefficient of Variation
- Properties of correlation coefficient

**Report Preparation-Significance, Types of Report, Steps in Report Writing and Layout of Report****Report writing**- Significance
- Types of reports
- Steps in report writing
- Layout of report.